Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) is an undergraduate degree course of three years duration. It is one of the most popular course choices among Science students after Class 12th. The first university to admit a student to the degree of Bachelor of Science was the University of London in 1860. The course is considered as a foundation course for students who want to make their career in the field of Science. B.Sc offered in a variety of Science subjects at a majority of universities in India. Some of the popular B.Sc courses that students usually choose to pursue after Class 12 are B.Sc Physics, B.Sc Computer Science, B.Sc Chemistry, B.Sc Biology, B.Sc Mathematics. A 3 year course, generally, covers 24 subjects and a 4 year course covers 32 subjects. Furthermore, graduates completing this degree can choose to build their career in Science stream itself or shift into fields of Finance, Animation or even International Studies.
A B.Sc programme can be further classified into two categories – B.Sc Hons. And B.Sc General or Pass. The former focuses on one major subject area. The curriculum is designed to keep more focus on the Honours subject, and also includes subjects or papers from the elective subjects students opt for. The purpose of studying B.Sc Honours programme is to teach theoretical, practical and research skills among students. On the other hand, the B.Sc General programme provides basic knowledge of the major Science subjects to the students. The curriculum is slightly lesser rigorous, but it includes both the theoretical and practical components. A Candidate should clear Class 12 (Higher Secondary) in the Science stream with minimum 50% to 60% aggregate from a recognized board. It may be noted that the minimum percentage required for B.Sc admissions may vary depending on the policy of the university/ college in which a candidate is applying.
Depending on their subjects, B.Sc graduates can find jobs in various sectors such as educational institutes, healthcare industry, chemical industry, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology industry, research firms, testing laboratories, wastewater plants, oil industry, and the list continues. However, it is advisable that BSc students first complete their M.Sc degree and then look out for a job.